Testing ColdBox Applications
Getting started with testing ColdBox applications with TestBox
One of the best things you can do when you develop software applications is TEST! I know nobody likes it, but hey, you need to do it right? With the advocation of frameworks today, you get all these great tools to build your software applications, but how do you test your framework code. ColdBox has revolutionized testing HMVC and framework code, since you can unit test your event handlers, interceptors, model objects and even do integration testing and true BDD (Behavior Driven Development) and test your entire application with no browser at all.
TestBox is a testing framework for ColdFusion (CFML) that is based on BDD (Behavior Driven Development) for providing a clean obvious syntax for writing tests. It also includes MockBox for mocking and stubbing.
TestBox is included with all ColdBox templates.
TestBox already comes defined in the
box.jsonof all ColdBox application templates. However, if you have a custom ColdBox app or a custom template, then you can easily install it via CommandBox:
install testbox --saveDev
// bleeding edge
install testbox@be --saveDev
The --saveDev flag tells CommandBox to save TestBox locally only for testing purposes as it will not be used to send TestBox for production (http://commandbox.ortusbooks.com/content/packages/dependencies.html)
Please also note that CommandBox ships with tons of commands for interacting with TestBox and ColdBox testing classes. You can explore them by issuing the following commands or viewing the latest CommandBox API Docs (http://apidocs.ortussolutions.com/commandbox/current)
# testbox namespace help
testbox create help
# run tests
testbox run help
# Watch your files and execute the tests if they change
# coldbox creation help
coldbox create help
It might be that testing is tedious and takes time to get into the flow of Behavior/Test Driven Development. However, there are incredible benefits to testing:
- Can improve code quality
- Quick error discovery
- Code confidence via immediate verification
- Can expose high coupling
- Encourages refactoring to produce testable code
- Testing is all about behavior and expectations
Our recommendation is to do BDD and integration testing first. Unit testing is important but it is more important to verify that your requirements are met.